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老年人社会支持评价量表的汉化及信效度检验

林艳伟, 王婷仙, 倪进东. 老年人社会支持评价量表的汉化及信效度检验[J]. 中华疾病控制杂志, 2022, 26(7): 834-838. doi: 10.16462/j.cnki.zhjbkz.2022.07.015
引用本文: 林艳伟, 王婷仙, 倪进东. 老年人社会支持评价量表的汉化及信效度检验[J]. 中华疾病控制杂志, 2022, 26(7): 834-838. doi: 10.16462/j.cnki.zhjbkz.2022.07.015
LIN Yan-wei, WANG Ting-xian, NI Jin-dong. Reliability and validity of Chinese version of the social support appraisals scale for older people[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF DISEASE CONTROL & PREVENTION, 2022, 26(7): 834-838. doi: 10.16462/j.cnki.zhjbkz.2022.07.015
Citation: LIN Yan-wei, WANG Ting-xian, NI Jin-dong. Reliability and validity of Chinese version of the social support appraisals scale for older people[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF DISEASE CONTROL & PREVENTION, 2022, 26(7): 834-838. doi: 10.16462/j.cnki.zhjbkz.2022.07.015

老年人社会支持评价量表的汉化及信效度检验

doi: 10.16462/j.cnki.zhjbkz.2022.07.015
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金 71804029

广东省医学科研基金 C2018081

广东医科大学博士启动项目 B2019033

广东医科大学高水平学科建设工程项目 4SG22001G

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    倪进东,E-mail:nijd-gw@gdmu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: R195.1

Reliability and validity of Chinese version of the social support appraisals scale for older people

Funds: 

National Natural Science Foundation of China 71804029

Medical Scientific Research Foundation of Guangdong Province C2018081

Doctoral Research Start-up Foundation of Guangdong Medical University in 2019 B2019033

High-level Discipline Construction Project of Guangdong Medical University 4SG22001G

More Information
  • 摘要:   目的  汉化老年人社会支持评价(the social support appraisals scale, SS-A)量表,并进行文化调适和信效度检验。  方法  遵循Brislin翻译模式进行量表的翻译、回译及文化调适。采用便利抽样对548名老年人进行一对一访谈调查,分析中文版量表的信度和效度。  结果  中文版量表共包含20个条目,3个维度。结构效度:探索性因子提取3个因子,可解释的总变异为59.706%;模型拟合指标为:χ2/υ=2.648、比较拟合指数(comparative fit idex, CFI)=0.907、增值适配指数(iciemental fit index, IFI)=0.908、拟合优度指数(goodness of fit index, GFI)=0.862、非标准适配指数(Tucker-Lewis index, TLI)=0.889、渐进残差均方和平方根(root mean square error of approximation, RMSEA)=0.078、残差均方和平方根(root mean square residual, RMR)=0.019。收敛效度:平均方差抽取量(average vriance extracted, AVE)=0.579。区分效度:低分组和高分组差异均有统计学意义(均有P<0.05)。一致性信度:总量表克朗巴赫(Cronbach’s α)系数为0.927;3个维度的Cronbach’s α系数分别为0.884、0.858和0.697。重测信度:组内相关系数(intraclass correlation coefficient, ICC)为0.780,3个维度ICC值分别为0.869、0.655和0.505,且均有统计学意义(均有P < 0.001)。  结论  中文版老年人社会支持评价量表信效度良好,可用于中国老年人社会支持的评价。
  • 图  1  中文版老年人社会支持评价量表的标准化估计值模型图(n=269)

    Figure  1.  The standardized estimate model diagram of the Chinese version of the social support appraisals scale (SS-A) (n=269)

    表  1  中文版老年人社会支持评价量表探索性因子分析结果(n=270)

    Table  1.   Exploratory factor analysis of the Chinese version of the social support appraisals scale for older people (n=270)

    项目 因子1 因子2 因子3 项目 因子1 因子2 因子3
    7、我家人很敬佩我 0.787 0.233 0.214 19、我和我的朋友们对彼此来说很重要 0.353 0.769 0.152
    12、我很受尊敬 0.733 0.287 0.136 23、我和我的朋友们为彼此做了很多事 0.144 0.726 0.065
    5、我很受欢迎 0.686 0.397 0.182 6、我能依靠我的朋友 0.486 0.636 -0.021
    14、人们很崇拜我 0.633 0.286 -0.120 1、我的朋友们尊重我 0.287 0.564 0.337
    9、我家人很爱我 0.627 0.058 0.558 10、我的朋友们不关心我的幸福 -0.050 0.530 0.356
    4、家人很看重我 0.607 0.064 0.484 3、我对别人来说不重要 0.138 0.020 0.650
    18、我的家人非常尊重我 0.485 0.281 0.246 21、如果我明天去世,几乎不会有人想念我 0.023 0.109 0.610
    2、我的家人非常关心我 0.435 0.184 0.321 20、我感到有归属感 0.443 0.381 0.456
    15、我跟我的朋友们关系铁 0.202 0.810 0.173 17、我觉得受别人重视 0.402 0.537 0.428
    16、我的朋友们留意我 0.213 0.797 0.220 8、别人尊重我 0.343 0.396 0.423
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  中文版老年人社会支持评价量表区分效度分析结果(N=539)

    Table  2.   Discrimination validity analysis of the Chinese version of the social support appraisals scales for older people (N=539)

    总量表及维度 高分组[M (P25, P75)] 低分组[M (P25, P75)] Z P
    SS-A总量表 68.00(65.00, 73.00) 53.00(48.00, 55.00) -14.788 < 0.001
    SS-A家庭 28.00(26.00, 30.00) 21.00(20.00, 23.00) -14.219 < 0.001
    SS-A朋友 23.00(22.00, 25.00) 17.00(16.00, 19.00) -14.514 < 0.001
    SS-A其他 17.00(16.00, 19.00) 14.00(13.00, 15.00) -13.782 < 0.001
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  中文版老年人社会支持评价量表重测信度分析结果(n=98)

    Table  3.   Test-retest reliability analysis of the Chinese version of the social support appraisals scale for older people (n=98)

    总量表及维度 ICC值 F P
    SS-A总量表 0.780 8.091 < 0.001
    SS-A家庭 0.655 4.798 < 0.001
    SS-A朋友 0.869 14.220 < 0.001
    SS-A其他 0.505 3.307 < 0.001
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-10-13
  • 修回日期:  2022-01-17
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-07-19
  • 刊出日期:  2022-07-10

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